Recommendations for Welding T-1 Steels

T-1, or ASTM A514 is a high strength steel which is quenched and tempered to provide yield strengths of over 100,000psi (over 690MPa).  The name “T-1” is a trademark of Arcelor Mittal and not an ASTM, AISI or part of other organization’s standard numbering system.  ASTM A514 is primarily used as a structural steel and […]

How To Calculate Heat Input From Welding

The vast majority of fabricators are not typically concerned with heat input. For the most part this is OK. But when you are welding on materials whose microstructure can be significantly affected by welding procedures it is important to know about heat input. The reason why heat input is critical in certain applications is because […]

7 Ways To Control Distortion in Welding

Distortion is a nasty problem we experience in welding.  Understanding what causes distortion is important in order to be able to minimize or eliminate it completely.  There are physical and mechanical properties that affect distortion susceptibility of materials.  To learn more about this you can read 4 Material Properties That Affect Distortion. As fabricators we hardly […]

4 Material Properties That Affect Distortion

Welding can present many challenges, a common one being distortion.  The Procedure Handbook of Arc Welding defines distortion in a weldment as the result of the non-uniform expansion and contraction of the weld metal and adjacent weld metal during the heating and cooling cycle of the welding process.  It is extremely difficult to predict distortion […]

Preventing Hydrogen Induced Cracking

Our last post (Factors Influencing Hydrogen Induced Cracking) went over the factors that contribute to hydrogen-induced cracking.  We will now go over how to prevent HIC from happening.  If you recall, we mentioned you need all three factors to be present in order to have HIC:  These factors are 1. a susceptible microstructure, 2. threshold […]

Factors Influencing Hydrogen Induced Cracking

Hydrogen-induced cracking (HIC) is a far too common type of failure. It is also called hydrogen assisted cracking (HAC) and delayed cracking since it does not occur right after welding, but a few hours or days after the weld has completely cooled down to ambient temperature.  Cracking occurs due to a significant loss in ductility […]

What Changes To A WPS Require Requalification

Normally the posts on our blog are inspired by questions frequently asked by customers.  Unfortunately, the question above is not asked that often, but it should be.  A welding procedure specification (WPS) is a set of instructions that if followed to the letter, insure a sound weld.   A WPS will typically provide ranges rather than […]

How Many Inches Of Mig Wire Per Pound

Easily calculate number of inches of wire per package size for any wire diameter

Have you ever wondered, or have you ever been asked how many inches of wire are in one pound of filler metal?  You may have been asked something like: “How many inches of wire are there in a 25LB spool of .035” ER70S-6 mig wire?”  Typically, this questions is asked when someone is trying to […]

9 Basic Steps to Reading Welding Symbols for Groove Welds

Reading welding symbols is very important at several levels of an organization. A welder needs to be able to interpret welding symbols to insure he puts down the right kind of weld, that he prepares the joint properly, that he places the weld in the right spot, right sequence, right dimension, etc. A design engineer […]

How To Weld 4140 Steel

Let’s keep it simple. 4140 steel can be welded without problems as long as you follow some simple guidelines. We will not be discussing the metallurgical properties of 4140 or trying to explain what happens to its microstructure when it cools too rapidly.  4140 steel is alloyed with chromium and molybdenum, hence the term chromoly […]