About Us

Welcome to Welding Answers!  We are a group of professionals in the welding industry. Our contributors include  welding engineers, welding consultants, certified welding inspectors, welding sales experts and welders themselves.

In our day to day activities we are in constant contact with manufacturers that are doing their best to stay competitive and keep jobs in the United States.  This is a tough task.  We hope that this website can serve as a resource for those in need of help.  Our intent is not to promote specific products or generate sales, it is simply to educate our readers and generate a large database of helpful articles related to welding.  We plan to grow this database by taking time each week to write about our experiences from the week.  This will mainly be comprised of questions we were asked or challenges we faced during the week.

We highly encourage our readers and followers to ask questions.  Chances are if someone has a welding related question there are several others who could find the answer useful.  As we build our follower base we will keep our comments section open to everyone in an effort to make it easy to ask and interact.  Due to the pervasive spamming that goes on we may eventually require registration in order to comment or post.  This will be completely free and only necessary to avoid cluttering the site with unwanted and unsolicited propaganda.

Thank you for visiting our site.  If you have any suggestions on how to improve the site to better serve you and the rest of our readers please let us know. If you would like to receive this valuable content in your inbox every time a new post is available please sign up below.

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18 thoughts on “About Us

  1. Ive been researching GMAW Spray transfer welding positions for a WPS I am writing, and can only find the Flat position in the AWS WIT book, but did find Flat and Horizontal in the AWS Welding Handbook 9,Fourth, Part 1. but its in the Stainless section(I’m qualifying Group 2 Carbon), and I obviously found Flat and Horizontal here on your site, can you cite any sources on that information? The Lincoln procedure handbook has nothing on it , thanks for the information.

    • The reason why the welding position for spray transfer is of concern is due to the fluidity of the puddle. You can’t really run it out of position. It has to be flat and/or horizontal. You can run pulse spray out of position but just for spray it is not really feasible.

      For spray transfer the position matters if you are writing a prequalified WPS. You can write a prequalified WPS for spray transfer in the 3F position. The procedure itself will comply to all requirements of AWS D1.1 or D1.6, but it cannot be used in real life because of the fluidity of the puddle. So, I’m assuming your question is more in lines with this.

      Some same flat only, other say flat and horizontal. The reality is that it depends on the skill level of the welder and/or the type of joint. For example, a horizontal fillet should be no problem at all. A horizontal groove weld may be extremely difficult to do with spray transfer.

      If the questions is more in terms of permissible positions then the answer is that all positions are permissible for a WPS, but not all are feasible for production.

  2. I’ve been signed up for your weekly newsletters for about 5 years now. Appreciate the great content and the relevance to this industry in Canada as well. Thank you!

  3. First of all, thank you for the great content! Second, I have a recommendation on a topic idea. I would like to see a blog post on FCAW-G gas marks (aka worm tracks, chicken tracks). There is a lot of resources out there on what causes them but little to nothing is out there on if they are discontinuities/defects or the acceptance criteria if they are. To be clear I am taking about the striations without piping porosity (aka Wormhole porosity). Thanks

    • Great question. Worm tracking is a type of porosity and therefore follows the acceptance criteria for porosity. Different materials (and different codes) will have different allowances for porosity. However, due to the size of the indentations when experiencing worm tracking they typically are always repaired. As you mentioned there are many different causes. In our experience they major culprit problems with the filler metal, whether it is moisture, lack of fill or other manufacturing issues.

  4. Thankyou for your dedication to the industry, It’s organisations like Welding Answers that truly provide value. I find the articles and the easy access to information a great benefit to myself personally and visit the site regularly .
    I have provided the link to your site to friends and colleagues that I know will benefit from the value you provide.

    I would like to know if it is appropriate for me to copy these articles and use them for internal company knowledge sharing.
    Being able to share this information will enable me to transfer knowledge into other sectors of our company to those that most likely would not pursue it for themselves, making my life easier when we are in discussions.
    Well done keep up the great work.

  5. Gday Welding Answers, thanks for your work. I have a 45 tonne excavator bucket to repair; HAZ and hydrogen cracking. I can safely assume the material is Bisalloy 80 (although I’m told it could be T1)
    material thickness varies from from 10mm to 25 mm.
    My proposed weld procedure is:
    Essab .9 Aristorod fillerwire 90/10 argon co2 gas.
    Gouge out cracks and grind clean, preheat to 40C.
    In thick material use double v prep butter up sides for better dilution and avoid introducing hydrogen from the unpreped side. Complete the weld with small multiple passes. When completing the other side gouge back the root to clean material and complete the weld with small multiple passes.
    On thinner material with better access gouge and clean both sides, preheat to 40C weld with small multiple passes.
    Could you please comment on this procedure.

    • Hello Steve, your description of the procedures seem well thought out. The preheat for 10 to 25mm looks fine as well. Remember that arc gouging is a thermal process and can also have an effect on the microstructure. So make sure it gets done while the part is properly preheated.

  6. Can I get details of TIG type welding courses in Germany ?Specifically I am in search of courses having 6 months to 1 year duration , to acquire profound welding skills .

    Chetan D .Pawar

  7. I am having a problem with barrels of wire!
    The guys keep complaining that it pig tales when coming out of the gun.
    But when I installed a new barrel and the roll is not taken off there is no problem with the one we have hooked up.
    My question is if they cut and disconnect the barrel does it break the tension within the barrel with it untwisting with it being slack?

    • Hello Will,
      If you cut the wire coming off the barrel it should not unwind like a spool would. However, the top few layers make loosen up a bit and when feeding again it could cause some issue. It is good practice to cut the wire and then bend it into an L-shape so it cannot go back into the barrel (assuming you have a top hat or other payoff device on top).
      In regards to the pig tails. This can be caused by different things. If the winding of the barrel wasn’t done properly by the manufacturer you will get this effect, also called wire flip. Most often it is caused by your wire feeder. If you have a 4-roll wire feeder and the two sets of rolls are out of alignment this will introduce a twist on the wire. This twist will relieve itself either forward (at the gun) or backwards (at the barrel). If it goes forward the welder will notice this and will sometimes cause him or her to miss the joint momentarily. If it goes backwards it creates a tangle in the drum. This would be a type e-script tangle. Called that because the wire bends in the shape of the letter “e”and tangles.
      A good troubleshooting step (assuming you have a 4-roll wire feeder) is to disengage the back two drive rolls. If the problem goes away then the problem is with the drive rolls. If it does not it may be the wire.
      Also, if you are running long conduits from the drum to the feeder make sure there are not sharp bends, excessive amounts of bend or excessive length of conduit. Hope this helps.