The AWS D1.1 1G Welder Qualification Test

The AWS D1.1 Structural Welding Code (Steel) welder qualification plate tests consists of a groove weld with a 45-degree included angle. The plates are prepared to a knife’s edge and a ¼ in [6 mm] backing strip is used.  The test for unlimited thickness will use plates that are 1 in [25 mm] thick.  Anything […]

Danger of Using the Wrong Shielding Gas for GMAW

In our previous article we mentioned that a customer was inquiring about running their 98% argon / 2% carbon dioxide (98/2) shielding gas on mild steel.  This gas is used on stainless as it maintains the amount of reactive gas (in this case CO2) under 3%.   Our quick answer was “yes, you can weld carbon […]

Which is the best shielding gas for MIG welding?

Today we received two different requests for help pertaining to shielding gas selection.  The first caller requested a chart that tells them what materials can be welded with the different shielding gases that they had.  They wanted a chart that can be provided to the welders to make sure they used the right gas on […]

Basic (Overlooked) Steps to Develop a Welding Procedure

A welding procedure specification (WPS) consists of a series of welding variables and corresponding allowable ranges. The selection of these ranges is very important.  The idea is that if the welder is within all acceptable ranges he or she will deposit a sound weld, provided of course that the welder has the required skill.  The […]

Troubleshooting Erratic Wire Feeding

The majority of troubleshooting calls we receive regarding the GMAW (mig)  process has to do with erratic wire feeding.  This problem disguises itself in many forms, from bad looking welds to lack of penetration.  Sometimes the effects of poor feeding are obvious and easily corrected. However, sometimes these effects are not easy to troubleshoot and […]

7 Ways To Control Distortion in Welding

Distortion is a nasty problem we experience in welding.  Understanding what causes distortion is important in order to be able to minimize or eliminate it completely.  There are physical and mechanical properties that affect distortion susceptibility of materials.  To learn more about this you can read 4 Material Properties That Affect Distortion. As fabricators we hardly […]

Short-arc vs Globular Transfer in GMAW

What is the difference between globular and short-circuit transfer? Short-circuit is a mode of metal transfer in GMAW in which metal is transferred from the electrode to the weld pool via a series of electrical shorts. When the electrode (wire) touches the base material a short occurs and the arc goes out.  At this point […]

8 Ways to Increase Welder Efficiency

In our many years of working in the welding industry we have come across some phenomenal welders.  We continue to be impressed by the level of skill of many of these men and women.  Unfortunately, many business owners and managers allow this skilled labor to go underutilized.  Welder efficiency, which also goes by other names […]

5 Common Mistakes Made Welding Stainless Steel

Most types of stainless steels have good weldability and can be welded with all arc welding processes (GMAW, FCAW, GTAW, SMAW and SAW).   Stainless is used in many different applications for its strength, abrasion resistance and corrosion  resistance.  Unfortunately, many assume it can be welded just like carbon steel. In fact, this is the first […]

Etching Solutions for Steel, Stainless, Aluminum and Other Metals

For high-quality macro-etches

The qualification of welders and welding procedures often involves macro-examination of welds.  Performing macro-etches is a relatively simple procedure, but strict guidelines must be followed to ensure safety.  Most chemicals used in etching solutions are hazardous and must be handled accordingly.  Any person etching with these chemicals must  familiarize him or herself with the corresponding […]