5 Types of Tests for Welder Performance Qualification

Codes detail the requirements for performance qualifications of welders, welding operators and tack welders. Many codes do not demand that a Certified Welding Inspector (CWI) or a welding engineer conduct the necessary testing.  Unless your customer specifically asks that a CWI or third-party do this, you can simply follow the code yourself to perform all […]

7 Ways to Eliminate Porosity in Your Welds

Porosity is a weld discontinuity that is not as detrimental to structural integrity as cracks, undercut, overlap and lack of fusion. However, it is unsightly and when painted it looks absolutely horrible. Because it does not have sharp ends, porosity does not propagate like a crack. The reason why there are limits to the amount […]

Dangers of Using Prequalified Welding Procedures

Using prequalified welding procedures is a great tool provided by AWS D1.1 which can save time and money.  To learn about these advantages read “Benefits of Using Prequalified Welding Procedures.” However, you must be careful and have a sound understanding of Clause 3 of the Structural Welding Code for Steel – AWS D1.1.  Some of […]

Benefits of Using Prequalified Welding Procedures

Prequalified welding procedures are a great tool available to those who need qualified procedures in conformance with  AWS D1.1 Structural Welding Code – Steel.  However, there are strict requirements for the use of a prequalified welding procedures.  It is not as easy as picking a qualified joint and using filler metal manufacturer’s recommended procedures. There […]

Proper Storage of Welding Consumables

How to store stick electrodes, and mig, flux-cored and metal-cored wires

Proper storage of both opened and unopened packages of welding consumables is crucial. It should avoid quality issues such as porosity, excessive slag fluidity, rough weld surface, difficult slag removal and more importantly, elevated levels of diffusible hydrogen which can lead to cracking. Adequate storage, handling and re-conditioning of electrodes vary according to type.  The […]

Recommendations for Welding T-1 Steels

T-1, or ASTM A514 is a high strength steel which is quenched and tempered to provide yield strengths of over 100,000psi (over 690MPa).  The name “T-1” is a trademark of Arcelor Mittal and not an ASTM, AISI or part of other organization’s standard numbering system.  ASTM A514 is primarily used as a structural steel and […]

The Outrageous Cost of Poor Fit Up

You will cringe when you read this

In a perfect world we would have perfect fit up every time.  However, as well all know, this isn’t the case.  We mostly think of poor fit up as annoying and the cause of some delays.  But the reality is it can have tremendous impact on our bottom line.  Or, in many cases, compromises the […]

How To Calculate Heat Input From Welding

The vast majority of fabricators are not typically concerned with heat input. For the most part this is OK. But when you are welding on materials whose microstructure can be significantly affected by welding procedures it is important to know about heat input. The reason why heat input is critical in certain applications is because […]

7 Ways To Control Distortion in Welding

Distortion is a nasty problem we experience in welding.  Understanding what causes distortion is important in order to be able to minimize or eliminate it completely.  There are physical and mechanical properties that affect distortion susceptibility of materials.  To learn more about this you can read 4 Material Properties That Affect Distortion. As fabricators we hardly […]