Etching Solutions for Steel, Stainless, Aluminum and Other Metals

For high-quality macro-etches

The qualification of welders and welding procedures often involves macro-examination of welds.  Performing macro-etches is a relatively simple procedure, but strict guidelines must be followed to ensure safety.  Most chemicals used in etching solutions are hazardous and must be handled accordingly.  Any person etching with these chemicals must be familiarize him or herself with the […]

5 Methods to Determine Preheat Temperature

Preheat is used when a base material, due to its chemical composition, thickness or level or restraint, is susceptible to cold cracking.  Knowing what temperature to preheat your base metal is sometimes a complicated matter.  You may hear people say “preheat to 300F to be safe.”  The reality is that 300F may be playing it […]

5 Types of Tests for Welder Performance Qualification

Codes detail the requirements for performance qualifications of welders, welding operators and tack welders. Many codes do not demand that a Certified Welding Inspector (CWI) or a welding engineer conduct the necessary testing.  Unless your customer specifically asks that a CWI or third-party do this, you can simply follow the code yourself to perform all […]

Dangers of Using Prequalified Welding Procedures

Using prequalified welding procedures is a great tool provided by AWS D1.1 which can save time and money.  To learn about these advantages read “Benefits of Using Prequalified Welding Procedures.” However, you must be careful and have a sound understanding of Clause 3 of the Structural Welding Code for Steel – AWS D1.1.  Some of […]

Benefits of Using Prequalified Welding Procedures

Prequalified welding procedures are a great tool available to those who need qualified procedures in conformance with  AWS D1.1 Structural Welding Code – Steel.  However, there are strict requirements for the use of a prequalified welding procedures.  It is not as easy as picking a qualified joint and using filler metal manufacturer’s recommended procedures. There […]

7 Ways You Are Violating Welding Procedures And Don’t Know It

Good intentions are not enough - Check Everything!

Some welding shops can weld however they want and don’t have to comply to any  standard or code.  On the other hand, some manufacturers have to meet and follow stringent requirements  and follow specific codes such as AWS D1.1, API 1104 or  ASME Section IX.  The development of welding procedures is not an art, at […]

What Changes To A WPS Require Requalification

Normally the posts on our blog are inspired by questions frequently asked by customers.  Unfortunately, the question above is not asked that often, but it should be.  A welding procedure specification (WPS) is a set of instructions that if followed to the letter, insure a sound weld.   A WPS will typically provide ranges rather than […]

Tips for Passing the AWS 3G FCAW Certification

Passing the AWS Structural Welder Qualification Test (vertical up certification on Flux-Cored Arc Welding) can be problematic for some, but insuring the right procedures and techniques  are used should make things a lot easier.  The good thing about this qualification is that if passed it certifies the welder no just in the 3G position, but […]

Why Welds Crack

A weld failure is never good.  Whether  a weld cracks on a truck’s axle or on the post holding your house’s fence, there are always consequences.  Hopefully the consequences are limited to time and money.  Unfortunately, weld failures can cause injury.   Welds can fail due to design flaws, but the majority of weld failures occur […]